Die Deutung von lykisch terñ und ihre Konsequenz für die Kriegspolitik Lykiens

David Sasseville*

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* – Philipps-Universität Marburg. Email: dvdsasseville@web.de

Cite as Sasseville, D. 2021: Die Deutung von lykisch terñ und ihre Konsequenz für die Kriegspolitik Lykiens. Hungarian Assyriological Review 2: 161–172.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.52093/hara-202101-00017-000


In the present paper, it is argued that the Lycian word terñ previously interpreted as a substantive is in fact a conjunction. A syntactic analysis of the word across the corpus reveals that it is restricted to the position after the finite or, if applicable, non-finite verb. Afterwards, a passage of the inscription on the inscribed pillar of Xanthus, in which terñ is attested several times, is reinterpreted accordingly. The new syntactic and grammatical interpretation of the passage has contextual consequences regarding the political history of Lycia during the Peloponnesian War. Therefore, a new translation of TL 44a.41–55 shedding a different light on the relationship between the Lycian king Gergis, son of Harpagos, and the Lycian dynasts Trbbẽnimi and Xerẽi is offered and then discussed within the historical frame.

Keywords: the inscribed pillar of Xanthus, Thucydides, Gergis, temporal conjunction, syntax

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Data availability. The author confirms that the data supporting the findings of this study are available within the article.

Disclosure statement. No potential conflict of interest was reported by the author.

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