Hittite dapi(a)-, dapit/d-, dapiant- ‘all, every, each; entire’: a logographic interpretation

Alwin Kloekhorst*

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* – Leiden University. Email: a.kloekhorst@hum.leidenuniv.nl

Cite as Kloekhorst, A. 2022: Hittite dapi(a)-, dapit/d-, dapiant– ‘all, every, each; entire’: a logographic interpretation. Hungarian Assyriological Review 3: 203–220.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.52093/hara-202202-00031-000


This article discusses the problematic aspects of the synchronic and diachronic interpretation of Hittite dapi(a)-, dapit/d-, dapiant– ‘all, every, each; entire’. It will be argued that earlier treatments of these words, including ones that propose Luwian origins for them, cannot explain these problems. Instead, a new, Hittite-internal analysis of these words is presented which states that they in fact contain a logogram, DA.BI, and actually are logographic renderings (DA.BI(-a)-, DA.BI-t/d-, DA.BI-ant-) of Hitt. ḫūmant– ‘all, every, each; entire’.

Keywords: Hittite, cuneiform, orthography, logographic writing

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Copyright: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Data availability. The author confirms that the data supporting the findings of this study are available within the article.

Disclosure statement. No potential conflict of interest was reported by the author.

Funding statement. The author received no financial support for the research and the publication of this article.


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