The morphophonological analysis of Hittite šipantaš, šipandaš ‘(s)he libated’

Alwin Kloekhorst(a)

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(a) – Leiden University. Email:

Cite as: Kloekhorst, A. 2020: The morphophonological analysis of Hittite šipantaš, šipandaš ‘(s)he libated’. Hungarian Assyriological Review 1: 99–104.


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This article starts with the observation that the Hittite 3sg.pret.act. form šipantaš, šipandaš (OH/MS) ‘(s)he libated’ can hardly be analysed as consisting of a tarna-class inflected stem šipant/da- + the 3sg.pret.act. ending , since the OH/MH verbal paradigm of ‘to libate’ contains no other tarna-class inflected forms. It is therefore argued that šipantaš, šipandaš should be analysed as consisting of the consonantal verbal stem šipant- + , which implies that the a in šipantaš, šipandaš is an empty vowel. In order to explain the spelling -ntaš, -ntaš vs. the spelling -nza, which is commonly used to note down the sequence /-nts/ < PIE *-nts, it is argued that -ntaš, -ndaš denotes /-ntːs/, the regular outcome of a PIE sequence *-nds.

Keywords: Hittite, phonology, cuneiform

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